The Republic of Macedonia is a predominantly mountainous country. The average elevation of the terrain is 850 meters. Approximately 80% of the country consists of hills and mountains. The mountains are divided into two basic groups: Å ar Mountains mountain range that continues to West Vardar/Pelagonia mountain range (also known as Dinaric range) and Osogovo-Belasica mountain chain (also known as Rhodope range). Å ar Mountains and West Vardar/Pelagonia mountain range is a continuation between the Dinaric Alps and Pindus mountain ranges, whereas Osogovo-Belasica mountain chain is a continuation of the Rila-Rhodopes mountain massif.

Å ar Mountains mountain range:

  • Å ar Mountains
  • Mount Korab
  • Mount Bistra
  • Stogovo
  • Galičica
  • DeÅ¡at
  • Jablanica

West Vardar/Pelagonia mountain range:

  • Baba Mountain
  • Jakupica
  • Nidže
  • Kožuf

Osogovo-Belasica mountain range:

  • Osogovo
  • Belasica
  • Vlahina
  • MaleÅ¡evo
  • Plačkovica
  • Ogražden

The mountains in the Osogovo-Belasica group are older mountains. They are spread across the eastern part of the Republic of Macedonia. The mountains in the Å ar Mountains group are younger mountains, situated in the western and central part of the country. They are divided in 3 subgroups: area around the Vardar river, area around Pelagonia valley and the area in the north-western part of the country.

There are three national parks protected by law in the Republic of Macedonia: Pelister, Mavrovo and Galichica.

Following is a list of the most important Macedonian mountains:

  • Mount Korab (2,764 m)
  • Å ar Mountains (2,747 m)
  • Baba Mountain (2,601 m)
  • Jakupica (2,540 m)
  • Nidže (2,521 m)
  • DeÅ¡at (2,373 m)
  • Galičica (2,288 m)
  • Stogovo (2,273 m)
  • Jablanica (2,257 m)
  • Osogovo (2,252 m)
  • Kožuf (2,166 m)
  • Bistra (2,163 m)
  • ÄŒeloica (2,062 m)
  • Belasica (2,029 m)
  • Kozjak (1,284 m)
  • Plakenska planina
  • Konečka planina
  • MaleÅ¡evo
  • Plačkovica
  • BuÅ¡eva planina
  • Babuna
  • Ogražden
  • Selečka planina
  • Skopska Crna Gora


List of mountains in the Republic of Macedonia

§External links

  • Summits in Macedonia
  • Pelister
  • Macedonian mountains, national parks
  • Korab
  • Pelister mountain

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