- This article is about the mountain range. For the football teams, see PFC Belasitsa Petrich and FK Belasica.
Belasica or Kerkini or Belles (Macedonian and Bulgarian: Â Ð'ÐµÐ»Ð°ÑÐ¸ÑÐ°Â , also transliterated as Belasitsa or Belasitza; Greek: ÎÏÎÎ»Î»ÎµÏ, BÃ©lles, or ÎÎµÏÎºÎ¯Î½Î·, KerkÃni) is a mountain range in the region of Macedonia in Southeastern Europe, shared by northwestern Greece (about 45%), southeastern Republic of Macedonia (35%) and southwestern Bulgaria (20%).
The mountain range is about 60Â km (37.28Â mi) long and 7 to 9Â km (4.35 to 5.59Â mi) wide and is situated just northeast of Dojran Lake. The highest point is Radomir (Kalabak) at 2,029 m, with elevation otherwise ranging between 300 and 1900 m above sea level. The borders of all three countries meet at Tumba Peak. The climate in the area shows strong Mediterranean influence.
The area of Belasica became a euroregion in 2003. Two football teams are named after the mountain range, PFC Belasitsa from the nearby Bulgarian town of Petrich and FC Belasica from Strumica in the Republic of Macedonia.
During the Antiquity its name was Ã"rbÄ"los (á½ÏÎ²Î·Î»Î¿Ï). According to the ancient authors it was a mountain range in the border area between Thrace and Macedonia. It is generally equated today with the modern Belasica. The name Ã"rbÄ"los is probably derived from the ancient Thracian/Paionian toponym of the mountain, which means shining mountain, from 'belos' - blazing or shining and 'or' - mountain. It was known for its Dionysos cult.
The area is also particularly famous for the Battle of Kleidion of 1014, which proved crucial for the fall of the First Bulgarian Empire.
Kongur Glacier on Smith Island, South Shetland Islands is named after the peak and nature reserve of Kongur on Belasitsa Mountain.
- Belasitsa Nature Park
- Smolare Falls
- Belasitsa. Tourist map, Sofia, 2006.
- Ð'Ð»Ð°Ð³Ð¾ÐµÐ²Ñ, Ð¢. Ð. Ð'Ñ£Ð»Ð°ÑÐ¸ÑÐ°. Ð¡Ð¾ÑÐ¸Ñ, 1925.
- Ð"Ð¸Ð½ÑÐµÐ², ÐÐ²Ð³., ÐÑÐ°Ð½Ð°ÑÐ¾Ð², Ð. Ð'Ð¸ÑÐ¾ÐºÐ¸ÑÐµ Ð¿Ð»Ð°Ð½Ð¸Ð½Ð¸ Ð½Ð° Ð ÐµÐ¿ÑÐ±Ð»Ð¸ÐºÐ° ÐÐ°ÐºÐµÐ´Ð¾Ð½Ð¸Ñ. ÐÑÑÐµÐ²Ð¾Ð´Ð¸ÑÐµÐ», Ð¡Ð¾ÑÐ¸Ñ, 1998, ÑÑÑ. 214-224.
- "ÐÐ½ÑÐ¸ÐºÐ»Ð¾Ð¿ÐµÐ´Ð¸Ñ ÐÐ¸ÑÐ¸Ð½ÑÐºÐ¸ ÐºÑÐ°Ð¹". Ð¢Ð¾Ð¼ 1, Ð'Ð»Ð°Ð³Ð¾ÐµÐ²Ð³ÑÐ°Ð´, 1995, ÑÑÑ. 78.
- ^ The Cambridge Ancient History: The Assyrian and Babylonian Empires and Other States of the Near East, from the Eighth to the Sixth Centuries B.C., Nicholas Geoffrey, LempriÃ¨re Hammond, Cambridge University Press, 1995, ISBN 0521227178, p. 594.
- ^ (Hdt. 5,16; Str. 7a,1,36; Arr. Anab. 1,1,5)
- ^ Brill Online Reference Works - Orbelus von Bredow, Iris (Bietigheim-Bissingen).
- ^ BeitrÃ¤ge zur Namenforschung, C. Winter., 1995, S. 241-242.
- ^ T. Spiridonov, IstoriÄeskata geografija na trakijskite plemena, 1983, 24 f., 118.
- Belasitsa.com (regional portal)
- Image Gallery From Belasica