Juan Eusebio Oiarzabal Urteaga (born 30 March 1956) commonly known as Juanito Oiarzabal is a noted Spanish Basque mountaineer and has written four books on the subject. He was the sixth man to reach all 14 eight-thousander summits, and the third one in reaching them without supplementary oxygen. He was the first person to conquer the top 3 summits twice (Everest + K2 + Kangchenjunga), and was the oldest climber to summit Kangchenjunga, at almost 53, until Carlos Soria Fontan made his successful attempt in 2014, when he was 75 years old. In 2004, he lost all his toes to frostbite after summiting K2.
In 2009 he announced he wants to become the first person in history to reach a "double 14", summiting each 8000er twice. In April 2010 he reached 24 eight-thousanders, after climbing Annapurna, a world record. In 2011 he climbed Lhotse for a second time, which was his 25th eight-thousander. He is second all-time for 8000er ascents behind Nepali climber Phurba Tashi Sherpa, who has 28.
His success in the Himalayas is well-known, but less well known is that before starting on those ascents he had already accumulated a curriculum which is among the best of Spain. He undertook ascents on all the Spanish mountain masses, on the hardest routes. He even discovered some routes of great relevance. He is highly experienced in climbing the Alps, undertaking climbs for the technical challenges they presented. In other continents, he has climbed in North America, South America and Africa and returning to the Himalayas, it is here that he carries out his expeditions with the greatest ease, which may seem obvious after 35 expeditions over 23 years.
1984 / McKinley (6,194 m) - West Buttress Route
1983 / Aconcagua (6,957 m) â" 5th world winter ascent (He has accredited 16 ascents to the Aconcagua, as a âguideâ)
1988 / Mount Kenya â" Diamond Corridor
1982 / Kangchuntse (Makalu II) (7,640 m). Altitude reached: 7,200 m
1988 / Kangchenjunga (8,586 m). North side. Altitude reached: 8,000 m
1989 / Makalu (8,465 m). West Pillar. Altitude reached: 8,350 m
1990 / Everest (8,848 m). Southwest side. Altitude reached: 8,300 m
1991 / Kangchenjunga (8,586 m). North side. Altitude reached: 8,400 m
1993 / Everest (8,848 m). South-Southeast Route - crest. SUMMIT
1995 / Makalu (8,465 m). Normal route. SUMMIT
1995 / Lhotse (8,516 m). Normal Route. SUMMIT
1996 / Kangchenjunga (8,586 m). North side. British route. SUMMIT
1997 / Manaslu (8,163 m). Normal route. SUMMIT
1998 / Dhaulagiri (8,167 m). Normal route. SUMMIT
1999 / Annapurna (8,091 m.). German route. SUMMIT
2002 / Makalu (8,465 m). West pillar. Altitude reached: 7,600 m
2004 / Ama Dablam (6,856 m). Southwestern sharp edge. SUMMIT
2010 / Annapurna (8,091 m.). SUMMIT (Helicopter used on descent)
2011 / Lhotse (8,516 m). SUMMIT
1987 / Gasherbrum II (8,035 m). . SUMMIT
1987 / Hidden Peak (8,068 m). Messner route. Altitude reached: 6,800 m
1992 / Nanga Parbat (8,125 m). Kinshofer route. SUMMIT
1994 / K.2 - Chogori (8,611 m). Tomo Cesen route (1st integral). SUMMIT
1995 / Broad Peak (8,047 m). Normal route. SUMMIT
1997 / Hidden Peak (8,068 m). Japanese Corridor. SUMMIT
2003 / Broad Peak (8,047 m). Winter. Altitude reached: 6,900 m.
2003 / Gasherbrum II (8,035m.) Normal route. SUMMIT
2003 / Hidden Peak (8,068 m). Japanese Corridor. SUMMIT
2004 / K.2 - Chogori (8,611 m). SUMMIT
1985 / Cho-Oyu (8,201 m). Normal route. SUMMIT
1998 / Shisha Pangma (8,046 m). Southwest side. British route. SUMMIT
2000 / Everest (8,848 m). North side. Altitude reached: 8,700 m (without O2)
2001 / Everest (8,848 m). North side. SUMMIT (without O2)
2002 / Cho-Oyu (8,201 m). Normal route. SUMMIT
2003 / Cho-Oyu (8,201 m). Normal route. SUMMIT (23 September)
2003 / Cho-Oyu (8,201 m). Normal route. SUMMIT (5 October)
2000 / Crossing between the localities of Narsasoak and Kangarlosoak (650Â km) on a sleigh, pulled by a kite.
China (autonomous region of Xinjiang)
2000 / Taklamakan 800Â km desert crossing, (desert, within the Gobi desert), only with the help of camels.
2001 / Mount Elbrus (5,642 m) Normal route. Winter. The highest European summit.
Awards and distinctions
- In his role as an expert, he has participated in several mountain rescue activities, receiving recognition for them.
- He is a Member of Honour of different mountaineering clubs.
- He is a Member of the Basque Mountaineering Club.
- He is a climbing professor.
- He is a professor of the Basque Mountaineering School (EVAM)
- Mountaineering Guide, Member of the International Union of Mountaineering Guide Associations (UIAGM).
- Golden Insignia from the Basque Mountaineering Federation.
- Member of the Â«Â ComitÃ© de Patronage du Cinquantenaire de lâAnnapurnaÂ Â» / 2000.
- Member of Honor of the Spanish Geography Society.
- Nominated for the âPrince of Asturiasâ Award for Sports in 1999.
- Finalist for the âPrince of Asturiasâ Award for Sports in 2001.
- According to the âMundo Deportivoâ Newspaper, he is among the 20 most important Spanish sportsmen of the century.
- Golden Medal for Sports Merit, awarded by the Spanish government in 1999.
- On the proposal of the editors of Basque jeans of communication, the Basque Government awarded him the distinction of Universal Basque Citizen in the year 2000. That year the Jesuit, Ion Sobrino (standard-bearer of the freedom theology in El Salvador), also won the award, which had previously been won by Etxenike, Oteiza and Chillida.
- Member of Honour of the Spanish Exploration and Adventure Cub.
- The sports newspaper Marca awarded him its maximum prize: Marca de Leyenda (Legendary Mark), a distinction that only a handful of elite sportsmen around the world have.
- In recognition of his sports achievements, he has been officially received by outstanding officials and personalities: The Vitoria-Gasteiz City Council, DiputaciÃ³n Foral de Ãlava, the Lehendakari (Basque President), the former Spanish prime Minister (Aznar) and the King of Spain, Juan Carlos de BorbÃ³n.
- He was Guest of Honor at the activities organised by they French Government on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the conquering of Annapurna, invited by its President Mr. Jacques Chirac. He was also a member of the activities Committee.
- In 2005 he was awarded the FCG International Award for Sports by the FundaciÃ³n CristÃ³bal GabarrÃ³n.
Mr. Oiarzabal has published four books:
- âBuscando las catorce estrellasâ [Searching for the Fourteen Stars], Editorial Lur, 1997
- âLos 14 ochomiles de Juanito Oiarzabalâ [The Fourteen Eight-Thousanders of Juanito Oiarzabal], Ediciones Desnivel, 1999,
- âConversaciones con Juanito Oiarzabalâ [Conversations with Juanito Oiarzabal], Ediciones Desnivel, 2001,
- âEl Everest de Juanito Oiarzabalâ [Juanito Oiarzabalâs Everest], Ediciones Desnivel, 2002,
- He has undertaken 16 audiovisual productions that have been used to promote mountaineering, offering prestige to this sport at all levels and setting a high standard for both Vitoria-Gasteiz and Alava.
- On TVE, he filmed his ascent of Annapurna for the âAl filo de lo imposibleâ (On the Edge of the Impossible) television program.
- He has also recorded many programs, such as the one he did on Everest, recreating the story of Mallory and Irvine who disappeared in 1924 while they tried to reach the summit.
- He is a team chef in the " The conquer of the worlds end" an adventure reality show of the public basque TV.
- ^ Oiarzabal, Juanito. Ingles.sge.org, Explorations and Expeditions, THE "FOURTEEN SUMMITS" WITHOUT OXYGEN, retrieved 2008-11-30Â
- ^ a b explorersweb.com, StatCrunch: 8000er mountaineers with 6 summits or more, updated
- ^ explorersweb.com, 3 â" FIVE TREASURES ON THE EASTERN BORDER, retrieved 2010-05-17
- ^ ExWeb interview: Juan Oiarzabal, "They are not climbers"
- ^ Spanish climber dies on Nepal's Annapurna
- ^ Table with list of climbers who have reached 10 or more "eight-thousanders", including repetitions, by Eberhard Jurgalski (PDF download)
- ^ a b c 8000ers.com, Lhotse Summits!
- ^ K2 climb - K2 and Karakorum by climbers, news
- ^ FCG International Awards 2005
- Juanito Oiarzabal's website